Translated from http://www.comune.villalba.cl.it/arte/storia.htm

http://www.comune.villalba.cl.it/turismo/come_trov.htm

The History


edited by Graziella Iucolino

Holding in consideration, like reliable historical sources, the books of Giovanni Mulè Bertolo ("Memories of the Common one of Villalba ", 1900), of Luigi Lumia ("Villalba. History and memory ", 1990) and the published pamphlet from the communal Administration of Villalba ("Villalba and Sicilian Castellana redeem two centuries of ingiustizie "1980), we will supply some highly summarized news around to the origin of the feudo and the country, and to its history. Not being in the intentions of writing to be exausted to you, lasciamo to the historians who if they feel it to face the opportune deepenings of several the arguments that we will point out here only or that, quite, capiterà of having to fly over
 


 










Nicolò Palmieri

 


Chiesina Robba ( S.Lumia )

 


Income Robba ( S.Lumia )

 


Income Robba ( S.Lumia )

 


Via of common and the jail - beginnings 900

 


Via Garibaldi in B and N - 1980 c.


Campiere - beginnings 1900


Brief public square Bench of Sicily - beginnings 900


Via Garibaldi in B and N - 1980 c.

Thanks to the historical contribution of the Giovanni Mulè Bertolo (first Book), characterize various periods of takeover.

 

     

  • In the roman period, lands feracissime (with to that surrounding) of the Michiken zone ( black earth in araba)vennero language popolate from many agricultural colonies. A test of these takeovers is the ritrovamento (mentioned from the Mulè Bertolo) to the beginning of century XIX, in i pressed of the contrada Lousy (where there is the Rocca of the window) of "a furnace, that it contained in good amount lateritious tools like pots, orciuoli, round, vasetti and similar..." ; and, around to 1850, of "a small bronze mercury with caduceo in hand" , from part of a peasant of Carmelo name Onion.

     

 

 

     

  • In the Arabic period , the agricultural colonies magnified and took the name of country houses. The sicialian historian M. Amari (in " History of the Muslims in Sicily , vol. I) it speaks about "one published Latin diploma from the Gregorio - De supputandis apud Arabes sïculos temporibus [... ] - contains the versions from the Greek and from the Arabic of two documents of 1175, in which the name of the Michiken country house is read". But while the Bitters thought such country house were risen in the situated one of Alimena, the Giuseppe Gioeni on the base of the analysis of the Arabic names of near lands, Balances, Realiali and Gurfa , and on the recovery in the vicinities of the lived one of objects of metal, terracotta, and foundations of houses of clear origin saracena, one convinced that the situated one in issue was just in the territory of the common one of Villalba and in the zone limitrofa.

     

 

 

     

  • In the period normanno. (1077 - 1197). Conte the Ruggiero granted to Lucia Cammarata, its consanguinea, the immense peasantry of Cammarata. According to the Gaetano historian Di Giovanni (you see in V. Amico Topographical Dictionary of the Sicily . Of Giovanni: The territorial circoscrizione of Cianciana ) the peasantry of Cammarata was increased to Lands of the odierni common of Villalba, Vallelunga and Mussomeli. The peasantry Indian little returned to the Federal property.

     

 

 

     

  • In the period svevo. (1198 - 1267): the peasantry of Cammarata until 1256 remained incorporated in the Federal property, then came granted from Manfredi to Federico Maletta, with diploma of 1257. Subsequently dubbie news make to think of an other investitura of feudo the Michiken the person of the palermitano Riccardo De Milite, and to the dead women of these a return to the regal Federal property of lands in issue.

     

 

 

     

  • In the Aragonese period (1285 - 1410) Costanza, moglie of Federico the Simple one, gave to the palermitano Giovanni De Calvello feudi the Duccu and Michiken (sees To Busacca: History of the legislation of Sicily ) with right to the succession for the sons primogeniti males (law salica).Dal 1371 in then seems that the feudo it is returned to the regal Federal property.

     

 

 

     

  • In Castilian period (1411 - 1516). Feudo the Michiken remains incorporated to the regal Federal property.

     

 

 

     

  • Under the Austrian dominion . (1516 - 1700).Carlo V of Spain in order to support the huge expenses deriving from the wars supported against Francisco of France, decided to alienate part of the assets of the regal patrimony. Between these there was the barony of Villanuova that comprised seven feudi between which Miccichè the sale came carried out 14 March 1527 in favor of Cipriano Spinola with the mere and mixed empire, and with licence, and faculty to live, popular in one, or more parts than said Barony, or feudi (you see F.P.: Answer of the baron of Miccichè to the new oppositions of sig. duca of Pratoameno ).La the barony of Villanuova step, wedding in wedding, and eredi women to men, various lineages

     

 

 

     

  • Under the dominion Borbonico (1701 - 1860). The primogenita daughter of Bartolomeo Caccamo and Antonia Branciforti came invested of principato of 15 Villanuova January 1738. The son of she, Domenico Corvino - Caccamo, the investitura of principato 24 January 1742 taken. E' just these that in year 1751 the Micciché sold feudo, beyond to emains 40,1,2 of feudo the Casabella, with houses and warehouse, to don Giuseppe Ruffino Maria for person nominanda, sub regal verbo , with action of the 8 day July 1751, near the notary public Francisco Palumbo for the sum of shield 72,000 pars to Liras, with mere and mixed empire and 367,200 title it of baron. The buyer was Don Nicolò Palmeri of the city of Caltanissetta.

     

 

The Palmeri had the investitura of feudo the 22 june 1752, but without the expressed faculty of popular, and all the other comprised potestà those of civil and criminal the jurisdiction, which the precedessori owners enjoyed the feudo. From here the attacks of duca the Pratoameno di Vallelunga, of the casato Papè, than it was opposed to the wish of the Nicolò baron of popular Micciché.

 

The Pratoameno supported that the faculty to manufacture and the potestà of the crews and the civil and criminal jurisdiction, because of not the use in the course of the centuries, had fallen in prescription and therefore was not more valid.

 

The Lumia (in Villalba writes . History and memory , pag.21) "True or presumed that it was such incompletezza , the action of the Pratoameno create new, series difficulty to the factory of Miccichè. It was a large problem not previewed and of all the unforeseeable one, since the official papers notes at the moment of the purchase of the feudo, express previewed the exercise of such faculties and podestà "

 

The argument between Palmeri and the Papè were dragged for long years, between intrigue and cavilli, without never to come to one conclusion. To complicate the things it was the same position of the Papè that was Master rations them of the Court of the Real Patrimony (legal situs in which the issue had to be judged).

 

The perseverante Palmeri, however, although the troubles, getting lost of mind and from Bravo agricultural entrepreneur did not continue its plan of acquired popolamento of the feudo. To the new Nicolò village it had given the name of Villalba to memory of its ancestors and of those of the moglie, the Sancez, that they came, exactly, from a Spanish citizen of the Galizia, with the same one toponimo.

 

In 1778 and the 1781 they died, respective don Giacinto Papè and Nicolò Palmeri.

In the 1785 new village of Villalba already it counted approximately 800 inhabitants. In 1798 it comes attributed one population of 1018 inhabitants.

 

 

Died don Nicolò, happened the Placid son that the construction of Villalba carried a.termine.

 

The first emphyteutic cessions to the new abitatori began in 1785 (experimented in order to attract the new ones coloni). Such concessions will be reduced towards 1795 and the blocked ones completely towards the end of the century.

 

In the 1813 it will come to it conferred, from Francisco hereditary prince of the Two Sicilie, during the reign of Ferdinand III, the wished one tito it of Marquis.

Lumia (pag. 53)"From woman Rosalia Morillo writes always - daughter of the baron of Trabonella, feudatario and rich owner of sulfur mines of Caltanissetta - that it had married in 1776, Placid Palmeri had seven sons: Nicolò, to which it reserved all its fortunes, Ferdinand and Vincenzo, which because of the paternal treatment, drove crazy, Michele and Rodrigo which escaped from house and participated, often with prominent role, to the more important political vicissitudes sicialian of the first half of the 1800's, Maria marriageable Anna who concluded its wasted existence to the exclusive service of the father and in the blind ubbidienza to its will, Placid, which came sluice in made convent and monaca "

 

In 1818, with the dead women of don Placid Palmeri, taken officially the redini of feudo the primogenito Nicolò. Villalba counted little less than 2000 inhabitants.

 

The siblings Michele and Rodrigo Palmeri, like already emphasized from the Lumia, participated actively and were been involved in full load in the vicissitudes of borbonica the baronial Sicily and, from the first motions of 1820 (begin to you from laborers and craftsmen and then you continue yourself to work of the sicialian aristocracy).

After the napoleonica storm king Ferdinand di Borbone, IV king of Naples and III king of Sicily, returned to the throne in 1815, not only abolished immediately the Constitution that in 1812 had granted to the Sicily, with the pretest that could not be constitutional king to Palermo and absolute monarch to Naples, but with the action of union of 8 Decembers 1816, unificò the two reigns becoming Ferdinand of the Two Sicilie . At the same time making of Naples the understood one them of the Reign, he removed importance to the sicialian aristocracy.

The 14 July 1820 burst to Palermo a revolution, that taken nearly endured the fattezze of a antiborbonico and separatista movement. To these motions the most authoritative exponents of the palermitana and sicialian aristocracy participated. The revolution came suffocated and therefore failed the attempt of the barons to conquer with independence all the political power in Sicily. The siblings Michele and Rodrigo Palmeri di Villalba, except the prudent Nicolò, therefore as they participated to the motions, decided, then, to go in exile for various years in Europe.

 

To Nicolò, without sons, succeeded the Rodrigo brother. These maintained the own residence to Palermo. It was nearly always absent from Villalba and from the feudo that they came he abandons in the hands of proxies and campieri to you.

With the dead women of Rodrigo, without sons anch' it, and of Michele, extinguished the branch Palmeri di Villalba. Rodrigo left its universal heir Salvatore Palmeri Mantegna and the usufrutto of feudo to the own moglie (the 28 testament of september 1850).

 

To such purpose the Mulè Bertolo (pag. 64 writes): " The Palmeri had it (feudo the Micciché) for years 141: Nicolò Palmieri Caulker from 1751 to 1781, Placid Palmieri de Salazar from 1782 to 1818, Nicolò Palmieri Morillo from 1819 to 1844, Rodrigo Palmieri Morillo from 1845 to 1850, Salvatore Palmieri Mantegna from 1851 to the 1889, Rodrigo Loved Palmieri and siblings and sisters from 1890 to 1892"

 

The Mulè Bertolo (pag. 22)"the feudo of Miccichè writes always, than for years 141, that is from the day 8 July 1751 until to the 17 you open them 1892, it remained in being able of the Palmieri family, was sold mrs. Julia Florio, prince of Butera and Trabia, for the sum of Liras two million and quarantamila"

 

After this short one exursus of history on feudo the Miccichè, on the origin of Villalba and its main protagonists, we want to indicate the salienti events that followed from 1860 in then:

 

     

  • Garibaldi 7 August 1860.

     

     

  • The great strike peasant (labourers, sharecroppers) of 1875 in which, for before turns the classes peasants joined for rivendicare from the new unitary state and against the old forces of the feudo, the right to better living conditions. The peasants asked the concession for the earth in perpetual census.

     

     

  • The revolts of the peasants in 1901, 1903, 1907, 1920, 1925. The villalbese people rivendicò the abolition of the esoso terraggio, of several the unjust taxes and soprusi to which they were subordinates. They became, from this period in then, obvious the so-called the social priests, great figures formed to the school of thought of the enciclica Rerum Novarum, and militant humble and tenacious men in the left

     

     

  • The "case" don Calogero Vizzini (particular personage that it dominated the villalbesi scenes sicialian and from the beginning of the nine hundred until to years fifty).

     

     

  • The occupation, from part of peasants, some villalbesi lands of property of the Mistretta siblings in contrada Mattarello in 20 19 days and November 1949, and of property of Guccione Vincenzo in 24 23 days and November 1949

     

     

  • The division of feudo in plots of ground distributed to several (but the not to all) families of the place thanks to the participation of some operating figures on the villalbese political scene then.

     

  • The territorial modification of the territories of Sicilian Castellana and Villalba in 1978-79. The two common ones, resisted to the age from committees of left, were come to an agreement, with deliberation consiliare n. 140 of the 28 - 12 - 1978 of Sicilian Castellana and n. 7 of the 10 - 01 - 1979 of Villalba, to redefine the territorial borders. Sicilian Castellana yielded has 2350, a.25, and ca 93 of just the communal territory to the common one of Villalba that it accepted, being that it dictates area fell back in its vicinities and was cultivated from villalbesi citizens (contrade Belici, One hundred Emains, Mattarello, Chiapparìa).

     

  • The construction of the mandamentale jail. Completed in 1989, cost seven billions of Liras, and in single function until to 1995

 

From the half of years fifty in then, the agricultural crisis opened the doors to the emigration towards the north Italy, the European and European countries. There were years in which the fields they remained uncultivated for labor lack. The situation went, from then, more and more to get worse: the more obvious consequence was the decrement of the population resident. Currently the contraction of workplaces, juvenile unemployment, the lack of entrepreneurial initiatives, has had like effect not only that one to provoke to an important sense of uneasiness and disorientation, and to encourage the attempted ones you of search of workplaces to outside of the own earth, but also to create a climate of the same country abulico and disfattista that it tries to suffocate also the more enterprising. Only some enterprising and brave entrepreneurs are resolutions to giving to a small impulse to the villalbese economy with small and averages activity of which the more important they are those agricultural ones and craftsmen.